Many people are unaware that sciatica is considered a symptom of a medical condition, and not a medical condition in itself. Sciatic pain is caused by the sciatic nerve experiencing compression as a result of an underlying disorder. Although sciatica is often associated with back pain, it can also affect other areas of the body. This is due to the sciatic nerve which runs through the spine, legs and feet. Because of this, swimming can be a very beneficial way to ease the pain of sciatica, loosen joints and increase overall flexibility. In extreme cases, sciatica can render individuals unable to move without experiencing severe pain. Pain can start in the back, buttocks, or in areas of the legs and feet. If you think you are suffering from pain that is related to sciatica, it is a good idea to visit your GP for a proper diagnosis.
How can swimming benefit individuals that suffer from sciatica?
For many that experience sciatica, exercise can be the last thing on their mind. Exercising when you are experiencing pain or discomfort can be off putting, but exercise is very beneficial for those with sciatica. Exercise helps with flexibility and nerve pain and also releases endorphins in the body (the body’s natural painkillers). Swimming can be a great way to allow you to stay mobile and active when you are experiencing pain due to the weightlessness experienced when exercising in water. This also means that your joints, muscles and nerves will be under less pressure but still able to strengthen.
Advice for swimming and sciatica
If you decide to use swimming to alleviate pain from sciatica, it’s a good idea to avoid anything too vigorous. This means opting for sidestrokes over more advanced techniques such as butterfly. If you are experiencing severe back pain, you should also avoid swimming strokes that are known to put a strain on the lower back, such as the breaststroke or the overhead crawl. However, some individuals may find these strokes beneficial for building strength in the back and your swimming competence and technique may also be a factor. It’s advisable to discuss your options with your GP before deciding on what is best for you and then with a little experimentation the best option will become clear.